With the immense success and subsequent backlash against Electric Daisy Carnival, the future of dance music events in America is suddenly up for discussion. But if the conversation sounds familiar, it’s because this is hardly the first time that electronic music, drugs and the authorities have had friction. If anything, the response in 2010 has been measured and thoughtful compared to years past. Here’s an overview of rave clampdowns over the past two decades.
Criminal Justice Act (1994)
Just like the UK was ground zero for rave culture, it was also the first place to experience rave backlash. Passed by Parliament in the wake of the ecstay-related death of 18-year-old Leah Betts, the bill banned gatherings where “repetitive beats” were played, thus beginning the era of ambivalent definitions of what is a “rave.”